The latest studies have shown that insomnia is more prevalent than anyone would think. For instance, the study has shown that about 58% of the adult population in the US alone had problems with sleep that could be characterized as insomnia at least a few times a week.
This percentage is somewhat lower when we are considering more frequent instances of insomnia, but in any case, this number is huge. It is therefore quite understandable that the need for insomnia treatments is equally as big. In this article, you are going to learn about different treatment options for insomnia and how Ambien compares to them.
First of all, we should mention treatments that do not involve medications. There are different treatments belonging to this category and they are of differing efficiency.
Also, it has to be noted that some people will respond better to such treatments while others are going to find them completely useless. For instance, some people may benefit a lot from simply taking care of their sleep hygiene.
This is a strange-sounding expression and it mainly involves trying to set up regular sleeping habits and absolute maximization of the sleeping process by doing everything possible to encourage healthy sleeping patterns. Cognitive behavioral therapy also exists for insomnia and its effects also vary from one person to the other.
However, the majority of people who are diagnosed with insomnia will be prescribed medications as the aforementioned treatments will provide very little success. There are so many possible medication options for insomnia that it would be impossible to go through all of them.
We will therefore try and compare as many of them as possible to Ambien which is in our opinion the best treatment for insomnia on the market.
The class of drugs that is most commonly used for insomnia are benzodiazepine drugs which bind to GABA receptors and thus provide increased levels of GABA neurotransmitter which leads to hypnotic effects.
Some of the drugs from this class that are used for insomnia include midazolam, temazepam, triazolam, nitrazepam, etc. These medications have been found to be quite efficient in treating insomnia but there are also many unwanted effects of these medications that make them less than a perfect option. For instance, they are known for their potential for causing dependence and tolerance, as well as a range of side effects.
Opioids, which are more commonly used for treatment of pain, are also sometimes prescribed for insomnia, mainly when it is associated with pain stemming from injuries, post-operative pain, as well as certain chronic pain conditions. However, these medications also have their downsides, more noticeably the potential for dependence as well as long time disturbance in sleep.
Antidepressants are also known for their hypnotic effects and they are at times prescribed for insomnia. However, these medications are associated with a large number of side effects that can be quite serious and that will do more harm than the medication will do good.
In addition, these medications can also disturb the sleep architecture and also cause dependence and rebound insomnia.
Other classes of medications that are sometimes used in treatment of insomnia include atypical antipsychotics, antihistamines, melatonin as well as some other substances, either natural or even illegal such as marijuana.
Some people even try to treat insomnia with alcohol, which is a very bad idea as it can lead to adverse effects on the sleep patterns and also cause insomnia due to certain processes in the body that are activated by drinking alcohol.
Ambien belongs to the nonbenzodiazepine drugs that are used for treatment of insomnia and it is one of the most efficient treatments for this problem. Its efficiency is similar to that of benzodiazepine drugs, only without as many adverse effects and weaker potential for causing tolerance and dependence.
We need to add that it is only useful in cases of insomnia involving problems falling asleep and not awakenings or early awakening in the morning. All in all, it is our opinion that Ambien provides the best results to adverse effects ratio, making it the superior treatment for insomnia.